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DEA Survey paper

Evaluation of research in efficiency and productivity: A thirty years survey of the scholarly literature in DEA

Copyright note – If using this survey please cite the following paper:
Emrouznejad, A. Parker, B. and G. Tavares (2008): Evaluation of research in efficiency and productivity: A survey and analysis of the first 30 years of scholarly literature in DEA Journal of Socio-Economics Planning Science, 42(3) 151-157.


Since the original Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) study by Charnes, Cooper, and Rhodes [1], there has been rapid and continues growth in the field. As a result, a considerable amount of published research has appeared, with a significant portion focused on DEA applications of efficiency and productivity in both public and private sector activities. While …

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1 – Introduction

The present bibliography includes most of the references published in the field of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) up to the year 2007. Some publications in 2007 are also listed but not included in the statistics. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this listing appears to be the most complete source of references on DEA …

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2- DEA bibliography

In 1995, the website www.DEAzone was implemented with the hope of including the full set of DEA resources under a single “umbrella,” to be accessed by interested researchers and practitioners. Since then, our DEA bibliography has been regularly updated with the kind help of its many users. Several other bibliographies have also been reported in …

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3 – DEA publication statistics

3.1 Statistics involving publications by year 3.2 Statistics involving publications by journal 3.3 Statistics involving publications by authors 3.4 Statistics involving number of pages (size) of publications 3.5 Statistics involving keywords used

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4 – Future trends

There is little doubt that DEA and its applications will continue to be a primary arena of research going forward. We see at least three reasons for this trend continuing in strong fashion: I. Measuring efficiency and productivity of large organisations is a non-trivial exercise, involving a complex multi-input/output structure. DEA technology, by design, naturally …

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5 – Limitations of the current study

Readers should use some level of caution in interpreting results of this survey as the findings are based on data collected only from journal papers, and articles published in books and proceedings. The results thus do not include all real-world DEA publications. In this regard, we have reviewed only academic/professional journal articles. Working/research papers, conference …

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6 – Conclusions and acknowledgements

Conclusions  The current literature survey of DEA’s 30 year history, and its comparisons with previous reviews, have revealed some important insights into the trends underlying DEA research. It is hoped that these findings will assist both researchers and practitioners in better understanding the current status of this state-of-the-art technology, and in continuing to move the …

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Full paper – Download

Emrouznejad, A. and K. De Witte (2010). “COOPER-framework: A unified process for non-parametric projects.” European Journal of Operational Research207(3): 1573-1586. Download (Scopus) Download (DOI) Download  

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