The primal model allows the DMU being measured to determine the set of optimal weights for each of its factors (outputs are denoted by y. and inputs by x in the following model) so as to maximise its efficiency. The solution consists of a set of weights (for outputs and y for inputs) chosen so that the efficiency of any other unit with these weights won’t exceed 1, the value at which a unit is relatively efficient. Which model is denoted primal and which dual is arbitrary, some authors prefer to call this model the primal model, as it conveys better the basic idea behind DEA. The convention followed here is the same as that used by the developers in their original paper, Chames et al (1978).

**History of DEA from its developer William W Cooper**

### FAQ

- What is Data Envelopment Analysis?
- BCC
- Categorical variable
- CCR (ratio) mode
- Composite unit
- Constant returns to scale
- Convex cone - Conical hull
- Convex hull
- Convexity constraint
- Cross efficiency matrix
- DEA algorithm
- DEA results are biased
- Decreasing returns to scale
- Discretionary factor
- Discriminatory power
- DMU (Decision making unit)
- Dual Model
- Dual weights - dual multipliers
- Efficiency score
- Efficiency/Productive efficiency
- Envelopment form
- Environmental factor
- Epsilon
- Exogeneously fixed factor
- Facet
- Homogeneity
- Increasing returns to scale
- Input
- Input-oriented
- Input/output mix
- Isotonicity
- Most productive scale size (MPSS)
- Multiplier form
- Non-naturally enveloped unit
- Nondiscretionary factor
- Ordinal variable
- Outlier
- Output
- Output-oriented
- Overall efficiency
- Pareto-efficiency/Pareto-Koopmans efficiency:
- Peer group
- Piecewise linearity
- Primal (CCR) model
- Production function
- Productivity
- Projected point
- Radial measure
- Ratio models
- Reference set
- Reference unit
- Scale efficiency
- Scale of operations
- Slacks
- Targets
- Technical efficiency
- Technology/Production technology
- Unit
- Unit isoquant/Isoquant
- Units invariance
- Variable
- Variable returns to scale
- Virtual input(output)
- Virtual multipliers
- Visualisation
- Weight Flexibility
- Weights
- Well-rounded performance
- Window analysis

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